# Study Session 9: Equity Valuation: Valuation Concepts

## Levered/Unlevered Beta

Hi, I’m really confused with the question from CFAI online topic test, Western vignette, Q1.

In answer, we see next formula , all my life I think we should also add *(1-t) in denominator.

Formula from Investopedia

http://www.investopedia.com/terms/u/unleveredbeta.asp

## Sustainable growth rate

The sustainable growth rate is the rate of dividend and earnings growth that can be sustained for a given return on equity, assuming that:

1. No additional external capital is raised

2. Additional debt may be raised, keeping the capital structure constant

3. Additional equity may be raised

2nd option is the correct answer. I understand 3rd option is definitely wrong, but i picked option 1. I thought SGR only stressed on growth via internally generated funds?

Can someone please explain this?

## Equity topic test - Pacific wind

Q.2 why is the proxy for Krantz taken as world index in the solution, when the question mentions SA index as one?

## Equity : Topic test Mckinley

Q.2. While calculating requires return with Fama french method, the risk free rate that has been considered is the short term instead of long term g-sec.

What am I missing? And what should one do in exam?

## Definition Free Cash Flow vs FCFF and FCFE

Hi all,

I am a little confused by the definition of Free Cash Flow. To me the concepts of Free Cash Flow to Equity and Firm are relatively clear, but I am not sure if there is a separate definition of Free Cash Flow. Most of the time the term seems to refer to either FCFF / FCFE where the content applies to both of them.

But for instance in the M&A chapter it seems to me that there is a separate term for FCF (where I can see no difference zu FCFF?). Is that so and if yes how is it defined and what is distinguishing it then from FCFF?

Best,

Mercution

## Schweser Practice Exams V1 Exam 2 Morning - Question 31 - Return Concepts

Should be a simple question but I got confused over it…

The vignette says:

Based on her extensive analysis, she determines that her expected return on the stock, given Taylor’s risks, is 10%. In applying the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), the result is a 12% rate of return.

Now the question asks if the stock is under/overvalued.

## ROE calculation

In topic test, Equity- Alahtab 13 of 17

Question 1:

According to Gordon growth model, calculate CRN’s value per share using 2013 sustainable growth rate as dividend growth.

In the answer, it use (Net Income in 2013 )/(equity in the end of 2013) to get ROE in 2013 to calculate growth rather than using beginning equity.

Why it use end of year data? When we are calculating justified PB ratio, the ROE in the formula is NI(1)/B0. And I just went through CFAI, I saw this paragraph,

## cash flow from operations

If using the financial statements to calculate CFO- I know how to use the income statement to start from NI & back out non-cash- but I forget exactly how to handle the balance sheets? Don’t we just use the total of working capital over the previous ending total of working capital? (That would be the increase in working capital that year…but don’t we exclude accounts cash and notes payable? Why? And do we exclude accounts payable as well? or anything else?

thanks!

## CAPM vs HPR

Im given expected CAPM on annual basis of 12.6%, while P0=$20.75 and P3=$29 and the problem asks to solve for three-year holding period return.

Why 29/20.75-1 is not equal to (1+12.6%)^3? Im given annual required return of 12.6% so what’s wrong?

# Study together. Pass together.

Join the world's largest online community of CFA, CAIA and FRM candidates.