# Study Session 10: Equity Valuation: Industry and Company Analysis and Discounted Dividend Valuation

## Adjusted EBITDA used in practice

Hi guys,

Question on adjusted EBITDA.

So, from my understanding, when doing trade comparatives in valuation, adjusted ebitda/ebit is commonly used because it is a good proxy for cashflow and it adjusts for non-recurring items.

## P/E and justified P/E (Trailing)

From CFAI book:

[question removed by moderator]

Why are these two number different wouldn’t the direct calculation of P_{0} / E_{0 }be the same as (1+g)*(1-d)/(r-g)

## Net Proceeds Calculation

Q) The Stockholders in a company owns 500 shares. The New Public Issue is there with 600 Shares. Each share price will be traded at $20 with a 4% spread. The cost will be $400000. Calculate the net Proceeds?

1. $11,120

2. $ 19,200

3. $ 11,600

4. $ 15,600

Can anybody help me on this problem?

## Risk premium and bond yield

There’s this question on the online question bank about determining the risk premium for a stock using the GGM, with a 1.5% adjustment for company size. This company’s revenues and earnings are cyclical in terms of both the business cycle as well as seasonality. After calculating the required return for the company’s equity, to get to the risk premium I subtracted the short-term government bond yield (since last time I subtracted the long-term yield and got it wrong, I was at that time told that the short-term is appropriate since the company is cyclical), wrong again….

## ROIC - which formula to use?

What ROIC formula is everybody using? There are at least 3 described in the book:

- In Reading 29 says the denominator is calculated as operating assets less operating liabilities ……
**“invested capital” means book values and exclude cash** - In Reading 29 footnote says invested capital includes cash and cash equivalents ….
**so include cash?** - In Reading 32 says the denominator is total invested capital …..
**since TIC=MVIC this would imply to use market values**

## Residual Dividends and Capital Expenditure

In residual dividend method:

Are dividend calculated after deducting equity contribution for capital expenditure only or working capital expenditure as well??

## Wiley Question Of The Week: Equity Valuation- Industry and Company Analysis in a Global Context (Sponsored)

*The following is a paid post sponsored by Wiley*

**Question**

Sparky Industries posted a dividend of $1.15 in 2011, $1.18 in 2012, and $1.30 in 2013.

What is the compound annual growth rate in the dividends?

A. 4.17%

B. 6.32%

C. 13.04%

**Answer**

## Sustainable Growth Rate

Does sustainable growth rate assume growth is generated through internal funds AND debt? or is it just internal funds?

## Core Earnings

Trying to validate a possible error.

Company has trailing 12 month EPS of 20.57.

Included in that number is a $0.45/share restructuring charge and a one time charge of $0.90/share for a one time expense. Both charges shouldn’t occur in the future.

Should 12-month EPS based on underlying earnings be $19.22 or $21.92?

## Preferred Stocks and Commercial Papers

Why would preferred stocks be considered as HTM and commercial papers not?

# Study together. Pass together.

Join the world's largest online community of CFA, CAIA and FRM candidates.