# Study Session 11: Equity Investments: Free Cash Flow and Other Valuation Models

## Accounting

How does time value of money / discounted cash flow are treated in accounting?

Do we discount depreciation?

## from firm value to equity value

i wanna review the text where it describes what are the general adjustments to arrive to equity value from firm value…

can anyone please share the exact location in curriculum?

## Nominal vs real rates for FCFE

A bit confused when to use nominal interest rates and nominal growth and when to use real interest and growth rates in the FCFE

## Multistage Residual Income Model - Persistence Factor (Need Clarification)

Hey guys, for the LIFE of me I just can’t seem to understand the formula for the RI Multistage Model with respect to the persistence factor.

V_{0}=B_{0} +^{T−1}∑t=_{1}(E_{t}−rB_{t}−1)(1+r)^{t }+ E_{t}−rB_{T−1}**/1+r−ω)(1+r) ^{T−1}**

When the persistence factor is 1, it means that RI will continue at the same level indefinitely. Substituting 1 Into the equation,

## Calculating WC Inv in FCFF

Does anyone have a definitive equation for calculating Working Capital Investment in the free cash flow model that has gotten them to the correct answer every time. What is included and what is excluded?

## Calculating beginning book value per share

**(Schweser Residual Income Valuation EOC q3)**

Does anyone know how we get beginning book value per share for 2018-2021 from the below?

For reference, the answer is: 2018: 10.62; 2019: 11.89; 2020: 13.32; 2021: 14.91.

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## Calculating FCFE

Hi, when calculating FCFE, capital expenditures (fixed capital investment) has to be deducted and net borrowing has to be added. However, what about given (not received) loans?

I’m working in construction company, which has many construction companies (SPVs) in their group. The company which I’m analysing regularly provides loans for other group companies. This amount is shown in Cash flows from investing activites statement.

## QQ re value of firm w/ FCFF

Hey,

Was wondering if someone could tell me why FCFF(0)=5 is not included?

I get 275.35.

## Non controlling interest in calculation of EV (Enterprise Value)

Hi,

In the Wiley study videos, I came across a formula for EV (Enterprise Value) which is given below:

Market value of common equity + Market Value of Preferred Equity + Market Value of Debt + Non-Controlling Interest - Cash & Short term investments.

## Terminal value

Gregory armishaw case, practice questions, CFAI. Q.11.

Why is the terminal value calculated in year 2024 and not in 2023?