# Study Session 11: Equity Investments: Free Cash Flow and Other Valuation Models

## After tax interest addition to FCFF

While calculating FCFF we add back after tax interest to it ( + int(1-t) ). By definition FCFF is the cash available to providers of the capital i.e equity holders and bond holders. So, shouldn’t we add back the whole interest to FCFF? Why don’t we include the benefit of tax saving due to interest in FCFF calculation?

(Eg: Let’s say there’s an owner, an equity holder, a bond holder, and a tax official standing side by side. The owner now distributes money to each of these in the following manner.

EBIT =100 ,

interest = 10 ( to bondholder)

## Reading 32 - CFAI EOC question #33

I have a question regarding the calculation/timing of the terminal value. I searched through old AnalystForum threads, but could not find a concise answer.

## Multistage residual income - CFAI vs. Schweser

For multistage residual income valuation and an ROE that declines to a long-run level, it seems that the CFAI and Schweser notes are giving inconsistent formulas.

## Derivation of the formula for DLOC

Can anyone help derive the formula for DLOC

DLOC = 1 - (1/(1+control premium))

Thanks!

## Clean Surplus Violation for Residual Income Valuation

Does anyone have an intuitive explanation of why clean surplus has to hold for residual income valuation? What happens conceptually if the clean surplus does not hold in terms of valuation? Thanks!

## Working Capital Calculation in Free Cashflow

Hi,

Could someone help me understand how to calculate change in working capital investment. I understand, the formula is CA - CL in recent year and subtract last year’s CA - CL. I am getting confused with the addition and subtraction when Accounts Receivables increase or decrease and when Accounts Payable increase or decrease.

## bond amortization and FCFE

Hi, Can someone confirm we are supposed to SUBTRACT bond amorization premium from NI to arrive at FCFF as well as FCFE? I see in my test prep provider they have it marked as adding bond amortization to arrive at FCFE and I’m pretty sure that’s inaccurate, just want to confirm.

## Residual Income

‘The residual income model makes no assumptions about future earnings and dividend growth.’

Isn’t ROE an assumption about future earnings?

## Computation of FCFF - exclusion of cash & short term debt

Hi guys,

In the study text, the following statement is given about why Cash and Short Term Debt is excluded from the computation of “Working Capital Investment” for the purposes of computation of FCFF (free cash flow to the firm):

Cash is excluded because it is the change in cash that we are trying to explain.
Notes payable and current portion of LTD is excluded because they carry explicit interest costs and are therefore financing rather than operating items.

I unfortunately did not understand head or tail of this.

## Free Cash Flow to the Firm Computation

Schweser : “The formal definition of FCFF is the cash available to all of the firm’s investors, including stockholders and bondholders, after the firm buys and sells products, provides services, pays its cash operating expenses, and makes short- and long term investments.”