# Study Session 14: Derivative Investments: Valuation and Strategies

## Discounting and continuous compounding

I know there is a relationship between discounting by (1+R_{f})^{T} and e^{-R(f)xT} but for the life of me can’t figure it out.

Any of you math wizards able to clarify this relationship for me so I can understand it?

Thanks in advance.

## Derivatives

When one is LONG or SHORT in a derivative transaction do we look from point of view of Cash or Possession.

Considering Stock,Bond, Options,Interest rate, Currencies and Futures

## Replication in Derivatives

Hi,

I am struggling with this concept of Replication. Can someone explain to me in layman terms?

## pricing and valuation of floating rate bond

I read a sentence from the note - Reading #40 - Pricing and valuation of forward commitments ： Because the relevant portion of the yield curve has shifted up, the fixed - rate liability has decreased in present value terms relative ot the floating -rate asset. The reason the floating-rate bond appears to have appreciated above par value is that we have included the accrued interest by valuing the full first coupon. (this paragraph is right after the example - valuing an interest rate swap between payment dates)

## Any Easy Way to Quickly understand the Derivative Strategies?

Unfortunately schedule-wise I didn’t have time to really cover this. The whole min/max thing looks real confusing thus preventing me from attempting to straight memorize it. I’m therefore trying to get a fundamental understanding, however with time constrictions considering the exam is tomorrow.

Any quick tips y’all could give? Thanks.

## Straddle: max gain & max loss

Hey forum,

I have just a quick question regarding the straddle (long call & long put, both at same exercise price).

For the maximum gain, I assume that the stock price rises above the exercise price. This means my put option has 0 value but my call option increases in value the higher the stock goes. So maximum gain is unlimited.

## Derivatives Question - CFAI Derivative TT #53

Can someone help me with this one - it is question 53 of the derivatives section on CFAI

Ndlovu is also evaluating the forward contract in Zulu Mineral Mining (Zulu) stock to determine if an arbitrage opportunity exists. The South African 12-month prime rate is 3.25%. The spot price for Zulu is ZAR 60.50. Zulu pays an annual dividend of ZAR3.00 on a semiannual basis, and the next dividend is paid in three months. Interest compounds annually.

**Q.** The three-month forward price for Zulu stock is *closest* to:

## LOS 42.j schweser Long Call option with short Put option

Dear All,

LOS 42.j schweser says

As a generalization long calls are appropriate for strong bullish sentiment,

Long call and short put would make sense for avg bullish

and short put for weak bullish

## Currency Swap Cash Flows

I am trying to find the value of a currency swap to someone after 450 days. I have all of the necessary rates and the PV factors calculated. I also have the exchange rates. I am struggling with calculating the cash flows for the pay side and the receive side. I want to use the method where I multiply the cash flow by the PV factor to get the pv of each cash flow and then add together to find the total value of each side. Thank you!

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