Gerard Jones plans to save for his 5-year doctorate degree, which starts 6 years from now. The current annual expenditure is \$7,200 and it is expected to grow by 7 percent annually. Gerard will need to make the first payment 6 years from today. He identifies a savings plan that allows him to earn an interest of 8 percent annually. How much should Gerard deposit each year, starting one year from today? Assume that he plans to make 5 payments.

\$8,370
\$8,539
\$8,730

Here’s how I approached this:

1. I found the annual expenditures for each year, accordingly:

Annual Expendituret=6=  7,200 (1+0.07)6=\$10,805
Annual Expendituret=7=  7,200 (1+0.07)7=\$11,562
Annual Expendituret=8=  7,200 (1+0.07)8=\$12,371
Annual Expendituret=9=  7,200 (1+0.07)9=\$13,237
Annual Expendituret=10= 7,200 (1+0.07)10=\$14,162

2. I discounted the expenditures back to year 5 because that’s the year we are going to make our first payment

10,805 10,805∗(1.08)−1=10,004
11,562 11,562∗(1.08)−2=9,912.5
12,371 12,371∗(1.08)−3=9,820.5
13,237 13,237∗(1.08)−4=9,729.6
14,162 14,163∗(1.08)−5=9,639
SUM = \$49,106

3. Here’s my confusion, now that I have \$49,106 which is equivalent to the expenditures taking place in years 6,7,8,9,10; I need to calculate the payment amount that I need to make to reach this. My professor discounted back using N = 5 so that brings us to time 0 but I discounted back using N = 4 which is the time the first payment (t = 1) is made. Where did I go wrong? My issue with “N” is knowing where exactly to discount back to, in this case it was t = 0 and not t = 1. Is there some sort of rule of thumb that I am not aware of or someone can explain?

Here’s why I think he discounted back to (t = 0). If we have a FV at year 5 that equates serves as a PV for annuities y6–>y10, then we would be indifferent between attaining that FV as a lump sum in year 5 or earning the annuities from y6 to y10. That I am fine with. What I am not fine with however is when I am standing at t = 0, knowing my first payment is to be made at t = 1, and attempting to find the investment amount. Moreover why would you discount to t = 0 using n = 5 when you don’t even have a pmt that year .. Moreover the question clearly states how much should gerard deposit starting one year from today!