# Lognormal Var Formula Question

Hello, I’m confused about a very easy question, how to calculate the lognormal Var. Here you are the question and answer:

The annual mean and volatility of a portfolio are 12% and 30%, respectively. The current value of the portfolio

is GBP 2,500,000. How does the 1-year 95% VaR that is calculated using a normal distribution assumption

(normal VaR) compare with the 1-year 95% VaR that is calculated using the lognormal distribution assumption

(lognormal VaR)?

a. Lognormal VaR is greater than normal VaR by GBP 487,050

b. Lognormal VaR is greater than normal VaR by GBP 787,050

c. Lognormal VaR is less than normal VaR by GBP 487,050

d. Lognormal VaR is less than normal VaR by GBP 787,050

Correct answer: a

Explanation: Normal VaR is calculated as follows:

Normal VaR (%) = Rp – z = 0.12 – (1.645 * 0.3) = 0.3735 = 37.35% (dropping negative sign)

and, Lognormal VaR is calculated as follows:**Lognormal VaR (%) = 0.12 – e[Rp – z] = 0.12 – exp [0.12 – (1.645 * 0.3)] = 0.56832 = 56.83%**

Hence, Lognormal VaR is larger than Normal VaR by: 56.83% – 37.35% = 19.48% per year. With a portfolio

of GBP 2,500,000 this translates to VaR = 0.1948 x GBP 2,500,000 = GBP 487,050.

As I understood, the formula should be

**Lognormal VaR (%) = 1 – e[Rp – z] , not Rp-– e[Rp – z] (used in this case)**

Do you have an explanation please? Thanks for your help

Best Regards

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There was an errata to this question:

The annual mean and volatility of a portfolio are 12% and 30%, respectively. The current value of the portfolio is GBP 2,500,000. How does the 1-year 95% VaR that is calculated using a normal distribution assumption (normal VaR) compare with the 1-year 95% VaR that is calculated using the lognormal distribution assumption (lognormal VaR)?

a. Lognormal VaR is greater than normal VaR by GBP 487,050

b. Lognormal VaR is greater than normal VaR by GBP 154,500

c. Lognormal VaR is less than normal VaR by GBP 487,050

d. Lognormal VaR is less than normal VaR by GBP 154,500Answer was “d” using the usual method to calculate lognormal VaR

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thx, that explained

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Thanks Prasad.Kelkar, just stumbled over that error too and was clarified thanks to your post

Normal: (R - (sigma) (zeta)) * VP

Log Normal: (1 - exp

^{(R - (sigma) (zeta)})^{ * }VPOne should pay attention if asked to recalculate return and vol. for one period to another if required in question (like an annual to 1 day VaR f.ex.) or change conf. level (zeta) VaR * (2,328 / 1,645) to recalculate 95 % VaR to 99 % VaR which is a common case.

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