What exactly is valuation risk in this context? They tie it back to the surplus risk but what is valuation risk?
unique to life insurance.
when interest increases, liability of life insurnace increases faster than asset, shrinks surplus…
exacerberate with the effect of disintermediation
I would rather say “liabilities decline less than assets” when interest increase.
ah okay - I understand the concept pretty well but just hadn’t come across the term ‘valuation risk’.
^ yes indeed.
AKA asset-liability mismatch
During a period of rising interest rates - Value of Assets declines faster than the Value of liabilies due to the inherent duration mismatch between the two. When rates rise - risk of disintermediation is also at its highest. Existence of valuation reserves alone may not be enough to prevent a writedown of surplus, and may create a capital adequacy problem.