Classification o interest expence on debt

Hi all, can anyone please tell me the classification of item ‘interest expense on debt’ from B/S. should it be included in the calculation of cash flow? if so, its CFO or CFF? Thanks

interest expense is an CFO outflow is that is what you mean

It is a CFO outflow, ONLY for the DIRECT Method. In the indirect method, since your starting point is Net Income, Interest expense would not show up.

sure if you start from net income then it has its effect already included

oo… its excluded from IDM, thats where confused me, THHANKS!!!