Futures and Forwards versus Options

Below from FinQuiz R27 note…could someone help me understand this? Why future/ forward is fully leverage but option isn’t?

  • Many organizations are not permitted to use futures or forwards because they represent fully leveraged positions. These firms can use options, which are not fully leveraged.

If you buy an option you have to put up 100% cash. Fut & fwd you can buy on margin.

I would suspect it’s because of the up front premium paid for the option contracts whereas the futures are assumed to be collateralized and forwards are otc with a notional principal and nothing paid up front. There’s probably a better answer out there though.

Long Options: you buy the right to exercise.

futures: you’re buying the futures contract against a delayed payment.