Why is a geometric always smaller or equal to arithmetic means.? And why is it only equal when there is no variability in the observations?
Do you want a mathematical proof?
Here it is for two values, x_1 and x_2. I’ll leave the proof of the general case to you, if you’re keenly interested.
Note that it is equal to zero if and only if x_1 = x_2.
Add 4x_1x_2 to each side.
Take the square root of both sides.
Note that here we’re assuming that x_1 \ge 0 and x_2 \ge 0. (If only one were negative, then we’d be taking the square root of a negative number. If both were negative, then the left side would be negative while the right side is positive.)
Divide both sides by 2.