If the null hypothesis is innocence, then the statement It is better that the guilty go free, than the innocent are punished is an example of preferring a: A) type I error over a type II error. B) two tailed test over a one tailed test. C) type II error over a type I error. D) higher level of significance.
Null Hyp: Presumed innocent. Alt Hyp: Is Guilty better guilty go free - means presume them to be innocent. innocent are NOT punished – also means presume innocent. A type I error occurs when one rejects the null hypothesis when it is true. A type II error occurs when one rejects the alternative hypothesis (fails to reject the null hypothesis) when the alternative hypothesis is true. So based on the above – the above statement prefers the Type II error over a Type I error. Choice C. Is that the answer? CP